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  #1  
Old 01-03-2006, 03:17 PM
Rit Rit is offline
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Default Seen All Too Often, But needs to be done!

I know that you see people posting that they need help fast and all... But it needs to be done!
Ok...
I need an idea before this Friday, one that can be easily researched and stuff... It doesnt need to be done for a while, I just need the idea because the research is due Friday...
I really like the Engineering field, so anything in there would be great. But if it all fails, other things may do.
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Old 01-03-2006, 03:20 PM
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What grade are you in?
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In the begining God made heaven and the earth.And the earth was without form,and void;and the darkness was upon the face of the deep.And the spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.And God said,"let there be light":and there was light .And God saw the light was good :and God divided the light from darkness.And God called the light day and the darkness night.And the evening and the morning were the first day.

Genesis chapter 1 verses 1-5
T_BOC
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  #3  
Old 01-03-2006, 03:24 PM
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I'm in 8th Grade...


Nice Signature T BOC!
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  #4  
Old 01-03-2006, 04:13 PM
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Default ok

here u go hope it's simple enough

Science Fair Project
ULTRA-SIMPLE HOVERCRAFT
can lift several adults!
1997 William J. Beaty


NEEDED:
BATTERY POWERED LEAF BLOWER (or gas powered), or use the type of cannister vacuum cleaner which has a blower outlet, such as older "Shopvac".
PLYWOOD, 3ft or 4ft square, 3/8in or 1/2in thick
(or buy a 48in precut round tabletop).
PLASTIC SHEET, 1ft larger than the above wood
(Avoid using 1mil thickness garbage bags, instead use a heavy 4mil or 6mil plastic dropcloth from a paint store, or 'Visqueen' sheet, or an old plastic shower curtain)
SMALL PLASTIC DISK, coffee can lid, or 6" disk 1/8in thick plastic or thin wood.
BOLT, 2in, 1/4-20, NUT, 1/4-20, FENDER WASHERS (TWO)
or instead use four small self-tapping wood screws
SMOOTH FLOOR (linoleum, ball court, or smooth concrete)
electric saber saw, drill, razor knife, staplegun, duct tape
Optional: lawn chair and clamps/screws to hold it down.
Optional: some sort of rubber bumper for the edge. Nail on some old bike tires? Just cover it with duct tape?
LINKS




















INSTRUCTIONS:
MAKE THE WOOD DISK
Cut out your plywood disk. You can leave it square, or experiment with other shapes instead of round, but the sharp corners can hurt people. Round is best for safety.

Drill a 5/16in hole in the exact center, and make sure that the 2in bolt easily passes through it.


NOTE: people tell me that you can avoid using a big bolt. Instead, fasten down the small plastic disk with several short wood screws. This is a big improvement! Kids sitting on the hovercraft won't get poked in the butt anymore by that big bolt sticking up.


Make a hole in the plywood which exactly fits the end of your leaf blower or vacuum cleaner blower hose. This hole must be placed half way between the center of the disk and the edge, as shown below. It's a good idea to trace the hole in pencil on the wood (place the mouth of the vacuum cleaner on the wood and trace around it.) It DOES NOT have to fit perfectly. Later you can seal any leaks with duct tape. Or just let it leak. The hose should be flush with the bottom surface (don't let it stick out or the floor will block the air flow.)














MAKE THE PLASTIC SHEET
Next, lay your plywood disk on the center of your large plastic sheet. Fold the edges of the sheet up over the plywood, then use the staplegun to staple it to the top of the plywood disk. Put a staple about every 4 inches. The plastic should be tight against the wood, but don't pull it TOO tight or the plastic will tear loose when inflated. When finished, you can cut off the excess plastic. If you wish, used duct tape to tape the edge of the plastic down to make it look nice. From above, it should look like this:












ADD THE "SKIRT LIFTER"
Poke a hole in the center of the coffee can lid. Attach it to the bottom of the hovercraft as shown below. It goes over the plastic sheet. It pins the plastic sheet firmly against the plywood. (The coffee can lid forms the "donut hole" when the vacuum cleaner slightly inflates the plastic into a "donut" shape.)












CUT THE CENTER HOLES
Use your razor knife to cut six vent holes in the plastic as shown below. They should be about 2in diameter. They must be placed within a few inches of the coffee can lid. Space them out so that there is plenty of plastic between each of them. But if they are too far away from the center, they will become plugged when the plastic sheet lays flat against the floor. If the plastic between the holes is too narrow, it will tear. If you wish, reinforce the thin necks of plastic between the holes using a couple of layers of duct tape.















DONE!
Flip your hovercraft over so the plastic sheet is on the bottom. Place it on a smooth floor. Stick the vacuum cleaner hose into the hole and turn it on. The plastic on the bottom should inflate. If it does not, lift the plywood up a bit to let the air get in and inflate the "skirt." The hovercraft will lift up slightly and start gliding around.






DEBUGGING
If it doesn't work, first read the above article again to see if you missed anything.

Always make sure to lift the wood disk up a few inches while the blower is running. If the disk stays flat against the floor, then the air can't get out of the blower, and the plastic sheet will never inflate.


When you turn it on for the very first time, run it on a smooth shiney floor such as linoleum or a wooden Gym floor. Try other kinds of rough floors and rugs later, after you know it works. Smooth dirt works OK, but it makes a big cloud of dust. I've never tried it on water.


If too much air is leaking from the around the vacuum cleaner hose, add some temporary duct tape at the point where the nozzle goes into the hole in the wood.


Still no luck? Maybe your plastic sheet is too loose. Turn the hovercraft up on edge and turn on the blower. The plastic sheet should inflate, and it should lift up from the wood by only three or four inches. If the sheet is too tight then it will tear loose from the staples. But if it's too loose it will form a floppy bag and won't glide around.


DON'T use a hair blow-dryer, it won't work. You need either a a lawn leaf blower or a vacuum cleaner which has a blower outlet. If you use a vacuum, remove the bag and use the blower outlet (the hovercraft needs pressure, not suction!)






HOW IT WORKS
The air inflates the plastic which pushes upon the floor and provides a ground-hugging "skirt." This lifts the entire hovercraft. The coffee-can lid provides "strain relief" for the plastic sheet, so that the inflated plastic doesn't tear loose from the center. The coffee can lid also lifts up the plastic so air can escape through the vent holes and pressurize the center donut-hole. The air then leaks along the floor and out from the edges of the hovercraft. This creates an "Air Film Bearing" which has very low friction. The plastic isn't touching the floor. Instead it is riding on a thin layer or "film" which is made out of air. Climb aboard!




This hovercraft can support many hundreds of pounds. It works best on very smooth surfaces (linoleum, or school gym floor.)


PS
if you want to experiment, maybe you could try four or five blow-dryers with their heat turned off. I know that a single blow-dryer doesn't supply enough wind, but several blow-dryers might do the job. Also, think of ways to drive your hovercraft forwards. Maybe a big fan would work. (I KNOW that a couple of CO2 fire extinquishers work well as rocket propulsion, but they're too dangerous for kids to use.


PPS
Where did this hovercraft idea come from? The device is called an "air film bearing" and has been used to move heavy loads on flat floors for many decades. Physics teachers used them for classroom demonstrations, and we had one when I worked at the Museum of Science in Boston. I first saw the home-built plastic sheet version in THE PHYSICS TEACHER magazine in late 1989 or early 1990, called "human hockey puck." I built one in 1990 and found that the holes in the plans didn't work right, so I moved them close to the center. We used hovercrafts for outreach classes at The Science Club for years; giving out plans to kids so they could secretly build one and amaze their friends. Finally I realized that people on internet didn't know about this cool device, so I wrote my own hovercraft article in 1997 (first one on the internet, as far as I know.) Here's a set of photocopied plans for "Human Hockey Puck," from 1990 from a college physics teacher. I wonder if David Arlander is the original inventor? Or maybe they copied it from The Physics Teacher magazine?








Lift it up at the start, otherwise the bag might not inflate.








SAFETY ISSUES
ADULT SUPERVISION REQUIRED! Don't let little kids play alone with this device.
To be safest, operate the hovercraft in a small classroom. (In the school gym adults must control it, since it can get going too fast!)
Climb aboard carefully, since the thing is darned slippery. Or climb aboard BEFORE turning on the blower
Bystanders should watch their feet, since the edge of the moving board can give stubbed toes. (WEAR SHOES!!)
Don't push it too fast, and remember how to stop it quickly: yank the vacuum cleaner hose out of its hole.
Don't jump off it while it's moving, or you'll launch it at high speed in an unexpected direction (it could crash into somebody's feet.)
Don't remove the vacuum cleaner suddenly while it's moving fast, because the hovercraft will stop, but the passengers will keep going... fast!
SUGGESTION: attach a long rope to the hovercraft, and let it trail behind. That way it can be grabbed if it starts going too fast in the wrong direction. Even better: use an AC-powered leaf blower or vacuum cleaner, and have an adult remain near the wall outlet. If the hovercraft moves too fast, yank the power plug to put on the "brakes." Use this only in emergencies, since the passengers will fly off when the hovercraft suddenly halts.
HOVERCRAFT LINKS:
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In the begining God made heaven and the earth.And the earth was without form,and void;and the darkness was upon the face of the deep.And the spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.And God said,"let there be light":and there was light .And God saw the light was good :and God divided the light from darkness.And God called the light day and the darkness night.And the evening and the morning were the first day.

Genesis chapter 1 verses 1-5
T_BOC
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  #5  
Old 01-04-2006, 02:04 PM
Rit Rit is offline
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Default

I can't do that one! It has to be something small and it can't be just something like that. It has to be an Experiment... Something I can test and stuff...

Is this a good idea?
Test to see how different shapes of Sails affect the sailing efficiency, IF it affects is at all...

Last edited by Rit; 01-04-2006 at 04:17 PM..
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Old 01-04-2006, 04:52 PM
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Default Hovercraft

T_BOC, great suggestion, and fantastic detail!

Rit, are you saying that you want to make just a model hovercraft? eg. a toy hovercraft?
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  #7  
Old 01-05-2006, 12:37 PM
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here is a project that i thought was pretty cool, it is with peripheral vision (like ur side vision) see what can be seen first colors letters or shapes and mark it on a big peice of paper good luck
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  #8  
Old 01-05-2006, 01:30 PM
Rit Rit is offline
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No Mad Scientist, I can't just build something... I have to do an experiment. Run tests and all that...
Is the boat idea a good idea?
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  #9  
Old 01-05-2006, 04:44 PM
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Default Sails

I think the sail idea is pretty good if all else fails.
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If you need help, turn to God... no matter what, he will be there always

The Harder the Conflict... The Sweeter the Victory
Believe, and things will happen

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